Microstructure and mechanical properties of additively manufactured parts with staircase feature

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dc.contributor Weaver, Mark Lovell
dc.contributor.advisor Chou, Y. Kevin
dc.contributor.advisor Volkov, Alexey N.
dc.contributor.author Keya, Tahmina
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-19T19:37:51Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-19T19:37:51Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0002741
dc.identifier.other Keya_alatus_0004M_13247
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/3379
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract This thesis focuses on a part with staircase feature that is made of Inconel 718 and fabricated by SLM process. The objective of the study was to observe build height effect on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the part. Due to the nature of SLM, there is possibility of different microstructure and mechanical properties in different locations depending on the design of the part. The objective was to compare microstructure and mechanical properties from different location and four comparison groups were considered: 1. Effect of thermal cycle; 2. External and internal surfaces; 3. Build height effect and 4. Bottom surfaces. To achieve the goals of this research, standard metallurgical procedure has been performed to prepare samples. Etching was done to reveal the microstructure of SLM processed Inconel 718 parts. Young’s modulus and hardness were measured using nanoindentation technique. FEM analysis was performed to simulate nanoindentation. The conclusions drawn from this research are: 1. The microstructure of front and side surface of SLM processed Inconel 718 consists of arc shaped cut ends of melt pools with intermetallic phase at the border of the melt pool; 2. On top surface, melted tracks and scanning patterns can be observed and the average width of melted tracks is ~ 100-150 µm; 3. The microstructure looks similar at different build height; 4. Microstructure on the top of a stair is more defined and organized than the internal surface; 5. The mechanical properties are highest at the bottom. OM images revealed slight difference in microstructure in terms of build height for this specific part, but mechanical properties seem to be vary noticeably. This is something to be kept in mind while designing or determining build orientation. External and internal surfaces of a stair at the same height showed difference in both microstructure and mechanical properties. To minimize that effect and to make it more uniform, gradual elevation can be considered when suitable as far as design modification is concerned. Above all, this study reveals important information about the pattern of microstructure, thus heat transfer mechanism inside a part which is useful to understand the SLM process.
dc.format.extent 115 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Mechanical engineering
dc.subject.other Materials Science
dc.subject.other Industrial engineering
dc.title Microstructure and mechanical properties of additively manufactured parts with staircase feature
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
etdms.degree.discipline Mechanical Engineering
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level master's
etdms.degree.name M.S.


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