Acute effects of exercise between sets on upper-body power

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dc.contributor Esco, Michael R.
dc.contributor Tomek, Sara
dc.contributor.advisor Bishop, Phillip A.
dc.contributor.author Fava, Anthony William
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-02T19:54:58Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-02T19:54:58Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0002479
dc.identifier.other Fava_alatus_0004M_12704
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/2766
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract Performing exercise between sets allows for increased workload in a given training session. Prior use of exercises can contribute to muscle activation or mobility which can aid in the performance of the following set. The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects on upper-body (UB) power when performing different exercise types between sets. Resistance-trained (men: N = 7, age = 24 ± 2.4 years, Ht. = 176 ± 6.1 cm, Wt. = 92.5 ± 18.4 Kg, Body Comp = 18 ± 6.3 % fat; women N = 3, age = 21± 1.2 years, Ht. = 170 ± 5.1 cm, Wt. = 66.5 ± 7.16 Kg, Body Comp = 29 ± 6.0 % fat) volunteers participated in this study. All subjects underwent seven experimental trials and one familiarization trial. Each trial incorporated an exercise that was repeated between four sets of an UB-power test. The effects of six different exercises were tested. A pre-power measurement (PreP) was the first set prior to the start of the exercise and used as a comparison measurement. Exercise performed between sets included: resistance exercise to agonist muscle groups using suspension training (RA), mild stretching exercises to agonist muscle groups (SA), resistance exercise to antagonist muscle groups using suspension training (RAnt), mild stretching exercises to antagonist muscle groups (SAnt), plyometric to agonist muscle groups (PlyoA) and rest as control (C). Treatments were counterbalanced and randomly assigned to participants. There was no significant effect on UB power among treatments performed (p = .080), independent of sets. There was no significant effect on UB power across sets (p = .449), independent of treatment. There was a significant interaction between treatment and sets (p = .038). UB power responded significantly different among treatments and across sets. Mean UB power (MUBP) increased from the first set to the second set for all treatments except control. MUBP for RA and SAnt then decreased on the third set before increasing on the fourth, showing fluctuation in UB power across sets. Over time PlyoA and SA increased until the third set before decreasing on the fourth set demonstrating a ceiling effect, yet effective for early sets. MUBP for RAnt continued to increase across all sets. MUBP remained above C for all treatments for sets two, three and four except RA and the fourth set of SA.
dc.format.extent 48 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Kinesiology
dc.title Acute effects of exercise between sets on upper-body power
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Dept. of Kinesiology
etdms.degree.discipline Human Performance
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level master's
etdms.degree.name M.A.


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