The role of pain catastrophizing, body mass index, and sex in exercise rates among participants in an organizational wellness program

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dc.contributor Crowther, Martha R.
dc.contributor Dautovich, Natalie D.
dc.contributor Kelly, Rebecca
dc.contributor Prentice-Dunn, Steven
dc.contributor.advisor Thorn, Beverly E. Cunningham, Julie 2017-03-02T19:54:55Z 2017-03-02T19:54:55Z 2016
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0002464
dc.identifier.other Cunningham_alatus_0004D_12101
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract Maladaptive cognitions that emerge in response to exercise-related pain detract from sports participation among athletes, yet these same cognitive patterns have not been widely studied among individuals engaging in non-competitive physical activity. The present study examined pain catastrophizing - a cognitive construct that is characterized as a `negative mental set' that may be adopted in the face of pain stimuli--among participants engaged in an organizational wellness program. The primary aim was to determine if either dispositional or situational pain catastrophizing predict exercise rates among these participants. Additionally, this investigation examined exercise rates and pain catastrophizing among two groups that have historically had lower rates of physical activity: individuals with obesity and women. Participants were 373 faculty and staff members at the University of Alabama who were participating in Crimson Couch to 5K, a program that trains individuals to run or walk a 5K event at the end of 9 weeks. Participants completed measures at the beginning, middle, and end of the program, which assessed pain catastrophizing, biometric information, aerobic exercise rates, and a range of health-related variables. Neither dispositional nor situational pain catastrophizing predicted exercise rates at the conclusion of the program. There were no differences in exercise rates or pain catastrophizing between men and women. However, BMI predicted a small percentage of the variance for baseline exercise rates as well as dispositional and situational catastrophizing. Future research will encompass the development of a new measure to assess a broader and more applicable range of negative cognitions that emerge in response to exercise-related pain.
dc.format.extent 98 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Clinical psychology
dc.title The role of pain catastrophizing, body mass index, and sex in exercise rates among participants in an organizational wellness program
dc.type thesis
dc.type text University of Alabama. Dept. of Psychology Psychology The University of Alabama doctoral Ph.D.

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