Geographic variations in alcohol consumption among racially/ethnically diverse older adults

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dc.contributor Dautovich, Natalie D.
dc.contributor Allen, Rebecca S.
dc.contributor Parton, Jason M.
dc.contributor Hamilton, James C.
dc.contributor Crowther, Martha R.
dc.contributor.advisor Kim, Giyeon
dc.contributor.author Bryant, Ami
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-01T17:35:45Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-01T17:35:45Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0001952
dc.identifier.other Bryant_alatus_0004D_12110
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/2371
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract This dissertation sought to examine the role of geographic location, geographic characteristics, and individual level race/ethnicity in alcohol consumption among older adults. Data were obtained from the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and the 2010 US Census. Participants aged 60 and older who were not missing data on any of the main study variables were included (n=185, 190). Data was analyzed for a total of 2,229 counties. Racial/ethnic groups examined included American Indian/Alaska Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites. Multilevel modeling was used for main analyses in order to account for the nested structure of the data. Individuals at level 1 were nested within counties at level 2 which were nested within regions at level 3. Alcoholic drinks consumed per month was used as the dependent variable. Significant within and between county variance was found in average alcoholic drinks consumed per month. There were significant main effects of race/ethnicity, county percentage of older adults, county percentage of racial/ethnic minorities, and county median income on average alcoholic drinks consumed per month. Significant interactions were found for individual level race/ethnicity and each of the aforementioned county level variables. These results indicate that geographic location and characteristics are significantly related to the alcohol consumption of older adults. Additionally, results suggest that the role of geographic characteristics in the alcohol consumption of older adults varies by individual level race/ethnicity.
dc.format.extent 99 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Clinical psychology
dc.title Geographic variations in alcohol consumption among racially/ethnically diverse older adults
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Dept. of Psychology
etdms.degree.discipline Psychology
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level doctoral
etdms.degree.name Ph.D.


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