Describing and testing a measure of Confucian self: a preliminary validity study

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dc.contributor Houser, Rick
dc.contributor Lo, Celia C.
dc.contributor Scofield, Jason M.
dc.contributor Tomek, Sara
dc.contributor.advisor Thoma, Stephen
dc.contributor.author Jiang, Hong
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-01T17:21:44Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-01T17:21:44Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0001758
dc.identifier.other Jiang_alatus_0004D_11864
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/2205
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract This study attempted to describe Confucian ethics by presenting its conceptual structures and comparing it with Western ethics, and to develop and test a measure of the Confucian self. The theoretical foundations for Confucian ethics and the Confucian self were formulated from the theoretical domains of Confucian philosophy, Western philosophy, and moral psychology. The study consisted of two phases. Phase one focused on pilot studies in which the psychometric properties of the Confucian self-measure were assessed with 43 Chinese undergraduate students' responses to surveys for identifying Confucian traits as priming items and evaluating contents of the instrument of the Confucian self. Phase two concentrated on formal studies in which nomological and predictive validities of the Confucian self-measure were examined, through testing its relationships with other moral constructs, including moral judgment, moral behavioral tendencies, and attitudes toward behavioral outcomes. The sample consisted of 380 Chinese and 250 American undergraduate students. The data revealed that the Confucian self was perceived as one unit (rather than the twofold one as defined in the literature) and equally described self-development for the contemporary young people regardless of nationality and Chinese regions. The findings provided evidence that the Confucian self independently influenced moral behavioral tendencies and attitudes toward behavioral outcomes across cultures. The American group demonstrated a stronger relationship between the Confucian self and moral behavioral tendencies than the Chinese group. Moral judgment demonstrated a stronger relationship with attitudes toward behavioral outcomes only for the Americans. For the Chinese subgroups (rural-town and urban cohorts), there were no significant relationships among the Confucian self, moral judgment, and moral behavioral tendencies and attitudes toward behavioral outcomes. Overall, this research provided evidence that supports the existence of the Confucian self as a moral construct. It demonstrated a good reliability and validity of the Confucian self-instrument and produced evidence of the relationships among the Confucian self, moral judgment, moral behavioral tendencies and attitudes toward behavioral outcomes. Implications, limitations, and future work were discussed as well.
dc.format.extent 276 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Educational psychology
dc.subject.other Ethics
dc.subject.other Cultural anthropology
dc.title Describing and testing a measure of Confucian self: a preliminary validity study
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Dept. of Educational Studies in Psychology, Research Methodology, and Counseling
etdms.degree.discipline Educational Psychology
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level doctoral
etdms.degree.name Ph.D.


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