Hell fighters, black devils, and one wick-ed ma-an: how martial imagery in black popular culture helped define manhood during the World War I era

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dc.contributor Giggie, John Michael
dc.contributor Frederickson, Kari A.
dc.contributor Huebner, Andrew J.
dc.contributor Dorr, Lisa Lindquist
dc.contributor Brundage, W. Fitzhugh
dc.contributor.advisor Giggie, John Michael
dc.contributor.author Amron, Andrew David
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-01T16:57:32Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-01T16:57:32Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0001490
dc.identifier.other Amron_alatus_0004D_11707
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/1952
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract This dissertation explores the popularization of modern black masculinity during the World War I era. Focusing on mass media representations of black soldiers before, during, and after the war, it reveals a near-total popular culture saturation of aggressive and courageous imagery that black men increasingly used as a guide to confront racism, justify armed self-defense, and force local and federal governments to address black grievances. These martial representations in film, inexpensive artwork, black "histories" of the war, editorial cartoons, popular novels and poems, and in commemorative events featuring black soldiers provided a well-defined guide outlining the modern, masculine black man. Too often historians of the period focus on the "Talented Tenth," young, energetic middle-class African Americans, and the complications they experienced as they struggled to maintain respectability and redefine their gender and social standing in a rapidly modernizing world. Prior to World War I, the primary model for manly protest was through quiet petitions to government officials and the grudgingly passive acceptance of a racist society that might eventually bestow equality based on thrift and hard work. The war provided African Americans with a more forceful, but now domesticated model that encouraged assertiveness, and at times violence to secure full citizenship and civil rights based on the heroic actions of the black soldier.
dc.format.extent 256 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other History
dc.subject.other African American studies
dc.subject.other Gender studies
dc.title Hell fighters, black devils, and one wick-ed ma-an: how martial imagery in black popular culture helped define manhood during the World War I era
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Dept. of History
etdms.degree.discipline History
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level doctoral
etdms.degree.name Ph.D.


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