Race, immigration status and job satisfaction among certified nursing assistants

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dc.contributor Oliver, JoAnn S.
dc.contributor Sellbom, Martin
dc.contributor Snow, Andrea Lynn
dc.contributor.advisor Parmelee, Patricia A.
dc.contributor.author Zakoscielna, Karolina Magdalena
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-01T16:50:48Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-01T16:50:48Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0001363
dc.identifier.other Zakoscielna_alatus_0004M_11563
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/1830
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) provide up to 90% of direct care to long-term care residents. Unfortunately, CNAs have an extraordinarily high turnover rate that is accompanied by low levels of work satisfaction. A largely qualitative body of literature has indicated that perceived lack of respect and perceived discrimination drive job satisfaction differently in CNAs of different race/ethnicity. This quantitative study examined CNA job satisfaction with an emphasis on race, immigration status, dementia training, respect, and perceived discrimination. Secondary data analysis of the National Nursing Assistant Survey used information from 3,017 nursing assistants in 1,500 nursing facilities, including data on training, supervision, client relationships, and workplace environment. This study looked at a sample of 2,352 participants; 61.3% were Non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs) and 31.4% were African Americans (AAs); 89% were US born citizens, 4.2% immigrants, and 6.8% citizens through naturalization. Path analyses indicated that race predicts job satisfaction, and that both respect and discrimination partially mediate that association. This pattern of findings was consistent across both racial groups. These effects varied with age. Immigration status and dementia training were hypothesized to moderate these effects by improving understanding of problem behavior, yet neither hypothesis was supported. These results highlight the complex nature of CNA job satisfaction in long-term care.
dc.format.extent 49 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Psychology
dc.subject.other Nursing
dc.subject.other Gerontology
dc.title Race, immigration status and job satisfaction among certified nursing assistants
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Dept. of Psychology
etdms.degree.discipline Psychology
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level master's
etdms.degree.name M.A.


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