Implicit measurement of challenge and threat as motivational responses to stereotype threat

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dc.contributor Black, Sheila R.
dc.contributor Davis, Mark
dc.contributor Roskos-Ewoldsen, David R.
dc.contributor Hamilton, James C.
dc.contributor.advisor DeCoster, Jamie O'Mally, Jamie
dc.contributor.other University of Alabama Tuscaloosa 2017-03-01T14:39:15Z 2017-03-01T14:39:15Z 2011
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0000554
dc.identifier.other OMally_alatus_0004D_10684
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation en_US
dc.description.abstract Stereotype threat occurs when people identify with a stigmatized group and experience depressed performance on a task because they become anxious in their desire to disprove a negative stereotype (Steele, 1997). Recent research using a Biopsychosocial (BPS) model has shown that physiological responses to challenge and threat may be an important aspect to consider in understanding the underlying motivational states that influence performance (Vick, Seery, Blascovich, & Weisbuch, 2008). However, physiological data are expensive and time-consuming to collect. The primary goal of this dissertation was to determine whether an implicit cognitive measure could be used in place of physiological equipment to effectively examine motivational responses to challenge and threat. In Study 1, four modified implicit measures were explored to determine which measure would be most effective in examining underlying motivations for challenge and threat. The modified Stroop task demonstrated patterns consistent with stereotype threat effects in Study 1 and was selected for use in Study 2. In Study 2, the relation between performance on the Stroop task and physiological measures of challenge and threat was examined. Additional measures of interest in this study included: working memory, state anxiety, math abilities, and perceptions of task performance. Results indicated that there were no significant effects of stereotype threat conditions on performance on the Stroop or physiological measures. However, stereotype threat significantly influenced state anxiety and perceptions of performance. en_US
dc.format.extent 89 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated. en_US
dc.subject Psychology
dc.title Implicit measurement of challenge and threat as motivational responses to stereotype threat en_US
dc.type thesis
dc.type text University of Alabama. Department of Psychology Psychology The University of Alabama doctoral Ph.D.

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