An examination of court cases involving Bethel School District vs. Fraser

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dc.contributor Newton, Rose Mary
dc.contributor Arredondo, Daisy E.
dc.contributor McLean, James E.
dc.contributor Westbrook, Philip
dc.contributor.advisor Dagley, David L.
dc.contributor.author Edwards, Michele Dudley
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-01T14:38:40Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-01T14:38:40Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.other u0015_0000001_0000536
dc.identifier.other Edwards_alatus_0004D_10626
dc.identifier.uri https://ir.ua.edu/handle/123456789/1041
dc.description Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
dc.description.abstract The modern day school administrator understands that the First Amendment right to free speech is becoming more and more complex in the public school environment. Where students do have constitutional rights in the school atmosphere, the school administration does have protection when facing potential legal ramifications. A school official, be it a principal, superintendent, or school board, must take a proactive approach to address and possibly avoid situations that could possibly violate the constitutional rights of the students in the area of free expression. It is the responsibility of school officials to provide a safe and secure learning environment for students, free from substantial or material disruptions; lewd, offensive, or profane language; and messages containing references to drug use and drug paraphernalia. This research project is a qualitative study reviewing law cases citing Bethel School District v. Fraser (1986) and then analyzing the decisions made in each. The study included court cases that cited Bethel v. Fraser (1986) from 2000-2010 in order to allow for an adequate number of cases for analysis. The intent was to use the Shepard's United States Citations, which provided a useful tool for investigating the cases with the Bethel citation, while at the same time providing the researcher with a resource of relevant cases. The lineage of cases in this study has revealed 34 principles that could possibly decrease litigation for school officials in the area of the First Amendment right to free expression.
dc.format.extent 336 p.
dc.format.medium electronic
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Alabama Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Electronic Theses and Dissertations
dc.relation.ispartof The University of Alabama Libraries Digital Collections
dc.relation.hasversion born digital
dc.rights All rights reserved by the author unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subject.other Educational leadership
dc.subject.other Law
dc.subject.other Educational Administration
dc.title An examination of court cases involving Bethel School District vs. Fraser
dc.type thesis
dc.type text
etdms.degree.department University of Alabama. Dept. of Educational Leadership, Policy, and Technology Studies
etdms.degree.discipline Educational Leadership
etdms.degree.grantor The University of Alabama
etdms.degree.level doctoral
etdms.degree.name Ed.D.


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